off – coolinarism
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Off – spatial relation to image, tracking object off screen, out of frame. Space confronted with the limits of representability. Transform our understanding of a frame, off‐frame and off‐screen space. Offscreen space is space in the diegesis that is not physically present in the frame. Opposite to frontality or 100%, when the characters are directly facing the camera The viewer becomes aware of the outside of the frame through either a character’s response to a person, thing, or event offscreen, or offscreen sound. There are five possible spatial relations of sound to image, They are often used in combination:

  • silent onscreen – sound is absent in the frame
  • diegetic onscreen sound – sound comes from sources we see on screen
  • diegetic offscreen sound – sound comes from sources we do not see on screen in a shot
  • diegetic internal sound – we hear sounds from the character – internal monologue or self-talk 
  • non-diegetic sound – sound comes from outside the world of the TV show or film

The most common example of non-diegetic sound is soundtrack music, paralleling the emotions conveyed by the action on screen. An omniscient narrator’s voice-over or pantomath character’s stream of consciousness are another typical sources of non-diegetic sound

reference: Film & TV & Radio Glossary          

image: project OFF  2016

t-penned by sets
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