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nuke

nuke

Starting with scientific breakthroughs made during the 1930s, the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada collaborated during World War II in what was called the Manhattan Project to counter the suspected Nazi German atomic bomb project. Nuclear engineering was born in the 20th century with the announcement in 1939 of the discovery of nuclear fission by the German chemists Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann. It was almost immediately realized that a weapon of enormous explosive energy might be possible by employing fission, The seminal work of the Manhattan Project, led by Italian physicist Enrico Fermi, was the building of the first nuclear reactor in 1942 at the University of Chicago. Named Chicago Pile No. 1  or CP-1, this reactor demonstrated the scientific theory of a controlled nuclear chain reaction, and it was followed by the construction of reactors at Hanford, Washington, that were used to produce plutonium for nuclear weapons. In August 1945 two fission bombs were dropped on Japan ending the Pacific War. The Soviet Union started development shortly thereafter with their own atomic bomb project, and not long after that both countries developed even more powerful fusion weapons known as hydrogen bombs, Nine countries together possess more than 15,000 nuclear weapons. The United States and Russia maintain roughly 1,800 of their nuclear weapons on high-alert status – ready to be launched within minutes of a warning. Most are many times more powerful than the atomic bombs dropped on Japan in 1945, Among military strategists and planners, the very presence of these weapons of unparalleled destructive power has created a distinct discipline, with its own internal logic and set of doctrines, known as nuclear strategy

 

14 July 2015 The Iran Nuclear Deal in Vienna

EU 3 + 3 signs the deal between Iran and world powers to curb the Iranian nuclear programme. For a decade, the US and Tehran risked descending into war, amid widespread suspicion that the Islamic nation was covertly trying to build a bomb. It is the first official deal with Iran since the hostage crisis in 1979 and some observers suggest that The Iran Deal conflicts with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty ratified in 1968

January 16, 2016

the International Atomic Energy Agency verified that Iran has completed the necessary steps under the Iran deal that will ensure Iran’s nuclear program is and remains exclusively peaceful. Nuclear-related sunctions on Iran will be lifted. Statutory sanctions focused on Iran’s support for terrorism, human rights abuses, and missile activities will remain in effect and continue to be enforced. U.S. will no longer sanction non-U.S. individuals who engage in financial transactions with the Iranian government, its central bank or financial institutions. That will make it much easier for Iran to reconnect with international banking system

4th November , 2018

The Trump administration on Friday announced the reimposition of all U.S. sanctions on Iran that had been lifted under the 2015 nuclear deal. US President Donald Trump withdrew the US from the nuclear accord earlier this year, an agreement he called the worst deal ever negotiated

reference: International Atomic Energy Agency

image: Manhattan Project, Los Alamos – first atomic bomb shortly before the Trinity test

           July 16, 1945 Fat Man, was the first implosion type atomic weapon. Alamogordo, New Mexico in 1945

           8.9 Megatons atom bomb Oak, tested at Enewetak Atoll on June 29th 1958

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