how laws are made – coolinarism
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how laws are made

how laws are made

Proposals for addressing particular goals or problems may come from a variety of sources. The political party is one. Governing and opposition parties are expected to have policies on a range of issues, such as taxation, health and education. Recommendations for new laws may also come from public inquiries, civil servants or lobbyist and campaign groups. No matter where a policy idea originates, it normally won’t get far without the backing of a government minister. This is because ministers are in a position to champion an idea to government colleagues. Proposals are made into bills. A bill may begin its journey in either the Lords or the Commons chambers. Any bills that relate to taxation begin in the House of Commons. Parliamentary stages:

  • First reading
  • Second reading
  • Committee stage
  • Report stage
  • Third reading
  • Vote on the bill in its final form. In the Lords, further amendments may still be introduced
  • A bill approved by one chamber is considered by the other
  • The Monarch’s ‘assent’ turns a bill into an Act

A bill then becomes law, and is described as an Act of Parliament


image: pixabay

t-penned by iter-cursus
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