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history of strecher – coolinarism
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history of strecher

history of strecher

A stretcher, litter, or pram is an apparatus used for moving patients who require medical care. A basic type cot must be carried by two or more people. A wheeled stretcher known as a gurney, is often equipped with variable height frames, wheels, tracks, or skids. In American English, a wheeled stretcher is referred to as a gurney. The name comes from a horse-drawn cab patented in the USA by J.Gurney in 1883. Stretchers are primarily used in acute out-of-hospital care situations by emergency medical services, military, and search and rescue personnel. They are also used to hold prisoners during lethal injections in the United States. Basic Strechers: simple, folding, stokes basket or scoop strecher,

Warfare from the 1850s onwards, leading to the inevitable human casualties, coupled with a most significant increase in work-related accidents in the late 1800s and early 1900s, fuelled the greatest advances in casualty care, and a consequential rapid evolution of stretcher design. Ammunition, soldiers and the wounded were all moved at the same time during World War I. Ammunition and soldiers both come before the wounded. Colt’s stretcher for trenches, was used to move a casualty from the initial location:

The shape is designed to prevent attack from the sides, and the spread of shrapnel from exploding bombs. But every corner is an obstacle around which you have to manoeuvre the rigid wooden stretcher. Survival of the injured depends on getting him to medical care as quickly as possible. A flexible stretcher like Colt will be easier to use. Trench corners will be easier to navigate, and you and the other bearer will be able to move more freely – and quickly. So you might find you have extra work on your hands, with time to go back to the battlefield and collect more casualties

reference: sciencemuseum.org.uk, a short history of stretchers by P Bell

image: colt’s stretcher for trenches, 1915-1918 sciencemuseum.org.uk

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